How are stained glass windows made - Stained glass windows are mostly found in churches and cathedrals although some have found the way to public complexes, academic institutions and even to private homes. A few, however, are found in Jewish synagogues and Moslem mosques. Stained glass windows are favored by ecclesiastical and religious institutions probably due to calming and hallowed impact it offers out from the handled colorful light and reflections filtering in to the inside of the building, rather than the glary, somewhat questionable a result of glowing light coming through clear glass windows.
Stained glass artwork has reached that soul-lifting degree of aesthetic effect through centuries-old techniques, continually increased and transformed with new improvements that are characteristic of both science and artwork. The processes involved in the "staining" or coloring of glass are sophisticated unlike the crudely hand painted glass windows of modern retailers that chip or change after some time. Elements used in making stained glass windows have undergone various steps and age-old techniques, sometimes combined with modern technology innovations, to attain the desired effects of music artists and designers commissioned by wealthy patron and large institutions to do the extraordinary and meticulous work.
The process of making stained glass windows involves the pursuing steps:
- Creating the design draft on newspaper.
- Making a theme copy as basis for cutting the glass parts, incorporating adjustments for the lead comes or water piping foil that join the parts together.
Transferring the design templates to cup, done through any of the following methods:
- Gluing the cut newspaper onto the glass before cutting it.
- Hitting the cut paper on to the glass and looking up its outline or condition with a marking tool.
- Placing the linen glass over the design illuminated from beneath through a "light box" and marking the outline on it.
- Directly slicing the glass sheet pursuing the edges of the pattern.
- Cutting the glass is done by etching or scoring the "pattern" line with slicing oil-lubricated steel or carbide wheel glasscutter and disregarding it with breaker-grozier huge pliers, running pliers or traditional glasscutter with built-in grozier. Complicated shapes me be "broken" by tapping from lack of with the ball end of the glass cutter sending vibrations that break the glass at it is weakest point, the obtained line.
- Grinding the cut glass with a diamond-coated grinding wheel or a carborundum stone to smoothen inaccuracies and sharp sides.
- Smoothing and "stretching" the lead came to hear maximum lateral tensile strength (which is refuted by some artisans as it may weaken the material).
- The painstaking assembly of the lead and glass starting from one corner and building little by little far away from it, tucking the lead arrived end under the ears of the other business lead came it meets and joins.
- Soldering the lead joints with business lead or tin solder, fluxing where necessary.
Applying linseed oil and calcium carbonate as waterproofing putty is the last step and the stained glass window or leadlight is ready for assembly.
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